The United Nations says 7.7 million Somalis will require humanitarian assistance in 2022 as decades of conflict, disease, poverty and climate shocks devastate the country.
According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA), Somalia has about 2.9 million internally displaced persons, one of the most in a single country.
The UNOCHA said in its latest humanitarian report that 2.2 million of the IDPs in the country require urgent humanitarian assistance.
The report says there is a serious risk that the combined impact of consecutive seasons of below-average to poor rainfall can develop into a major drought by early to mid-2022.
Somalia remains on the frontline of climate change, which induces crises resulting in widespread displacement, rapid urbanisation, food insecurity and increased poverty.
The report says climate change was a major driver of conflict in Somalia as the struggle for dwindling resources intensifies clan divisions and inter-clan conflict.
Somalia is to experience its third consecutive season of below-average rainfall, which has already resulted in a sharp increase in food insecurity, especially in rural areas.
“Without humanitarian assistance, nearly 3.5 million people are expected to face crisis or worse outcomes through the end of 2021. And large parts of Somalia remain prone to severe riverine and flash flooding,” the UN forecasts.
Somalia has been among the countries hardest hit by the worst desert locust upsurge in decades that started in 2019.
UNOCHA said although infestation levels declined in 2021 as a result of intensive control operations and low rainfall, a risk to rural livelihoods across the country remains.
It said COVID-19 has also impacted the country’s fragile health systems, with a resurgence of cases and documented infections in the first quarter of 2021.
“Lack of trained health workers, poor health infrastructure and low development index have made Somalis vulnerable to outbreaks of other diseases like cholera, measles, polio and acute watery diarrhoea,” the report noted.